(Note: while I have not investigated every one of these men’s claims as to their science/faith position, it is an interesting conversation nonetheless. It has long been assumed that true scientists have no place for a God in heaven, yet the achievements of many scientists have long been unnoticed.)
Worldwide-100 Famous Bible Believing Scientists
Laurence D. Smart B.Sc. Agr., Dip. Ed., Grad.Dip.Ed
PO box 175, Kippax, ACT Australia 2615
[Free to print and distribute. Copy must be in full.]
Many of the founders of modern science saw no conflict between their
Christianity, the Bible and science.
-Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Engineer, mathematician, architect, inventor, ‘founder’ of modern science. –
-Nicholas Copernicus 1473-1543 Astronomer, proposed the scientific theory of a sun-centred solar system.
-Tycho Brahe 1546-1601 Astronomer, produced the Rudolphine Tables (star chart), debunked the theory of heavenly spheres, proposed the
Tychonic System of cosmology, introduced apparatus accuracy, record
accuracy and multiple observations to astronomy, made the first
complete study of a comet, proposed the extreme distance of stars,
showed the non-fixity of the universe.
-Lord Francis Bacon1561-1626 Scientist, formulated the scientific
method, Lord Chancellor of England.
-Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 Astronomer, physicist, popularised the
sun-centred solar system, proved Kepler’s Laws, advanced the design
of telescopes, discovered sun-spots, the 4 moons of Jupiter & the
phases of Venus, discovered that bodies fall with equal speed, the
‘gal’ geophysical unit named after him.
-Johann Kepler1571-1630Astronomer, ‘founder’ of physical astronomy,
discovered the laws of planetary motion, established the science of
celestial mechanics, published the first ephemeris tables for
tracking stars, contributed to the development of calculus.
-William Harvey 1578-1657 Physician, discovered the circulation of the
-Athanasius Kircher 1601-1680 Inventor, studies anticipated the
deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics & the germ theory of disease.
-John Wilkins 1614-1672 Leading organizer of the scientific movement,
his protégés formed the Royal Society.
-Walter Charleton 1619-1707 Physician, member of the Royal Society,
president of the Royal College of Physicians.
-Blaise Pascal 1623-1662 Mathematician, hydrostatics engineer,
‘founder’ of sciences of hydrostatics & hydrodynamics, laid the
foundations for conic sections, differential calculus & probability
theory, invented the barometer.
-Sir William Petty 1623-1687 Physician, member of the Royal Society,
helped found the science of statistics & also economics.
-Robert Boyle 1627-1691 Chemist, ‘father’ of modern chemistry, one of
the founders of the Royal Society, discovered the gas laws,
co-discovered phosphorous, invented the match, measured the density
of air, first to distinguish acids/bases/neutral substances,
introduced the litmus test, actively opposed alchemy.
-John Ray 1627-1705 Biologist, ‘father’ of the sciences of biology and
natural history, one of the founders of the Royal Society, greatest
authority of his day on botany & zoology.
-Christian Huygens 1629-1695 Astronomer, mathematician, physicist,
introduced the pendulum clock, developed the formula for pendulum
periods, invented the telescope micrometer eye-piece, discovered the
nature of Saturn’s rings, proposed the wave theory of light,
developed Huygen’s Principle.
-Isaac Barrow 1630-1677 Mathematician, Professor of Mathematics at
Cambridge, taught maths to Isaac Newton.
-Nicholas Steno 1631-1686 Geologist, developed the principles of
-Robert Hooke 1635-1703 Physicist, geologist, surveyor, propounded
Hooke’s Law of elasticity, popularized the microscope, coined the
term ‘cell’, invented the universal-joint & the rolling drum
recorder, one of the founders of the Royal Society.
-Thomas Burnet 1635-1715 Geologists, one of the first geologists.
-Increase Mather 1639-1723 Astronomer, comet expert, founder of the
Philosophical Society, president of Harvard.
-Nehemiah Grew1641-1712Physician, botanist, plant anatomy researcher, member of the Royal Society.
-Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 Physicist, discovered the laws of motion,
discovered the law of gravity, invented the reflecting telescope,
co-developed calculus, discovered the composition of white light,
Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, president of the Royal
-Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz 1646-1716 Mathematician, co-developer
of calculus with Newton, invented the calculating machine,
introduced the binary number system, anticipated the law of
Conservation of Energy and Boolean logic.
-John Flamsteed 1646-1719 Astronomer, produced the modern star map, founded the Greenwich Observatory, the first Astronomer Royal of
-William Derham 1657-1735 Naturalist, Boyle lecturer, some consider him the ‘father’ of ecology.
-Cotton Mather 1662-1727 Physician, president of Harvard, investigated
the germ cause of smallpox, helped rid the USA of smallpox.
-John Woodward 1665-1728 Physician, palaeontologist, a founding
‘father’ of geology, established the Cambridge Palaeontological
Museum, Professor of Medicine at Gresham College (London).
-John Harris 1666-1719 Mathematician, vice president of the Royal
-William Whiston 1667-1752 Mathematician, succeeded Sir Isaac Newton as Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge.
-John Hutchinson 1674-1737 Palaeontologist, developed a strong system
of natural philosophy.
-Carl Linnaeus 1707-1778 Physician, biologist, Professor of Medicine
and also Botany at Uppsala (Sweden), established the Royal Swedish
Academy of Science and was its president, developed the Linnaean
classification system, ‘father’ of biological taxonomy, developed a
cure for venereal disease, introduced the symbols for male/female.
-Leonhard Euler 1707-1783 Mathematician, Professor of Physics at the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences, mathematical notation, developed
calculus of partial differences, developed fluid flow equations,
introduced conic sections, developed fluid network theory, developed
ephemeris tables for celestial bodies, introduced p , i, S and many
other mathematical symbols, improved sun/moon/earth/tide
-Gustav Brander 1720-1787 Naturalist, palaeontologist, his fossil
collection is in the British Museum, Fellow of the Royal Society,
Trustee of the British Museum.
-Jean Deluc 1727-1817 Naturalist, physicist, geologist, coined the word
‘geology’, invented the mercury thermometer & the hygrometer.
-Richard Kirwan 1727-1817 Chemist, mineralogist, president of the Royal Irish Academy, produced the first systematic study of minerals.
-Sir William Herschel 1738-1822 Astronomer, unravelled nebulae,
discovered Uranus, produced the Global Star Catalogue, built giant
-James Parkinson 1755-1824 Physician, geologist, described Parkinson’s
disease, first to show the plant origin of coal.
-William Kirby 1759-1850 Entomologist, famous for “On the History,
Habits and Instincts of Animals” (subtitle).
-Jedidiah Morse 1761-1826 Geographer, the leading USA geographer of his time, wrote the first USA geography textbook.
-Benjamin Barton 1766-1815 Physician, botanist, zoologist, professor at
Pennsylvania university, wrote the first USA botany textbook.
-John Dalton 1766-1844 Chemist, meteorologist, ‘father’ of modern
atomic theory, formulated the Law of Simple Multiple Proportions for
compounds, formulated the gas Law of Partial Pressures, first to
recognise and describe colour-blindness, founder of the British
Association for the Advancement of Science.
-Georges Cuvier 1769-1832 Anatomist, vertebrate palaeontologist,
‘founder’ of the sciences of comparative anatomy and palaeontology,
introduced phyla to systematic classification, councillor to the
Imperial University (Paris), member of the Royal Society.
-Charles Bell 1774-1842 Surgeon, anatomist, discovered the fundamentals of nerves, ‘father’ of neurophysiology, Professor of Comparative Anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons.
-John Kidd 1775-1851 Physician, chemist, Professor of Chemistry at
Oxford, pioneered the extraction of coal chemicals, his work led to
the development of synthetics.
-Humphrey Davy 1778-1829 Physicist, mentor of Faraday, discovered
sodium & potassium, developed the motion theory of heat
(Thermokinetics), invented the mining safety lamp, developed the
medical uses of laughing gas, lecturer at the Royal Institution.
-Benjamin Silliman 1779-1864 Geologist, chemist, ‘founded’ the
Sheffield Scientific School at Yale, ‘founder’ & editor of the
American Journal of Science, president of the Association of
American Geologists, member of the National Academy of Sciences.
-Peter Mark Roget 1779-1869 Physician, Roget’s thesaurus, Professor of
Physiology at the Royal Institution, secretary of the Royal Society.
-Sir David Brewster 1781-1868 Mineralogist, astronomer, ‘founder’ of
optical mineralogy, invented the kaleidoscope, helped found the
British Association for the Advancement of Science.
-William Buckland 1784-1856 Geologist, mineralogist, Oxford professor
of geology & mineralogy.
-William Prout 1785-1850 Chemist, physiologist, professor, early leader
in the sciences of nutrition & digestion, first to identify the major food groups, recognised that atomic weights could be a series
of relative whole numbers.
-Adam Sedgwick 1785-1873 Geologist, Professor of Geology at Cambridge, identified and named major rock systems.
-Michael Faraday 1791-1867 Chemist, physicist, proposed electric field
theory, discovered the laws of electrolysis, discovered the law of
electromagnetic induction (Faraday’s Law), invented the transformer,
dynamo, electric motor & electric generator, discovered benzene,
successor to Humphrey Davy at the Royal Institution.
-Charles Babbage 1791-1871 Mathematician, physicist, computer pioneer, operations researcher, developed actuarial tables, invented the first computer (calculating machine), invented skeleton keys, the
speedometer, the ophthalmoscope, & cow catcher, founded the
Cambridge Analytical Society, member of the Royal Society, founding
member of the British Association for the Advancement of Science,
helped found the Royal Astronomical Society & the Statistical
Society, Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge.
-Samuel F. B. Morse 1791-1872 Inventor, artist, invented the telegraph
& morse code, founder & president of the National Academy of Design,
built the first camera in USA, made the first photographic portrait,
arts professor at New York University.
-Sir John Herschel 1792-1871 Astronomer, physicist, meteorologist,
geophysicist, expanded the global star catalogue, planned Ross’
geomagnetic survey of the Antarctic, invented the cyanotype process
& ‘hypo’ fixing in photography, made the first glass plate
photograph, coined the terms ‘snapshot’ & ‘negative’.
-Edward Hitchcock 1793-1864 Geologist, contributed to glacial geology,
Professor of Geology at Amherst College, ‘founded’ the science of
ichnology, state geologist for both Vermont & Massachusetts.
-William Whewell 1794-1866 General scientist, coined the terms ‘anode’,
‘cathode’, ‘ion’, ‘scientist’, ‘physicist’, & ‘geological catastrophism’, invented the anemometer, contributed to the study of
-Joseph Henry 1797-1878 Physicist, discovered the principle of
self-induction, invented the galvanometer & the electromagnetic
motor, professor at Princeton University, director of the
Smithsonian Institute, charter member of the national Academy of
Sciences, ‘founder’ and president of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, the Henry unit named after him.
-Sir Richard Owen 1804-1892 Zoologist, palaeontologist, comparative
anatomist, coined the word ‘dinosaur’, discovered the parathyroid
gland, first to described the giant Moas, discovered the trichinosis
-Matthew Maury 1806-1873 Hydrologist, oceanographer, ‘founder’ of the
sciences of oceanography & hydrography, Professor of Meteorology at
Virginia Military Institute, known as “the pathfinder of the seas”.
-Louis Agassiz 1807-1873 Palaeontologist, ichthyologist, ‘father’ of
glacial geology & glaciology, developed the concept of an Ice Age,
coined the term ‘Ice Age’, established the museum of Comparative
Zoology at Harvard, biology lecturer at Harvard.
-Henry Rogers 1808-1866 Geologist, Professor of Natural History at
Glasgow University, conducted a detailed study of the Appalachians &
the coal fields ofUK &USA.
-James Glaisher 1809-1903 Meteorologist, Superintendent at the
Greenwich Observatory, developed the dew-point tables, established
the British Meteorological Society, & the Aeronautical Society.
-Phillip H. Gosse1810-1888Ornithologist, zoologist, Fellow of the
-Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson 1810-1895 Archaeologist, Assyriologist,
exposed & deciphered the Behistun inscriptions of King Darius,
British minister in Persia, member of the Council of India.
-Sir James Simpson 1811-1870 Physician, gynaecologist, ‘founder’ of
gynaecology & anaesthesiology, discovered the medicinal use for
chloroform, Professor of Obstetric Medicine atEdinburgh.
-James Dana 1813-1895 Geologist, mineralogist, succeeded Benjamin
Silliman at Yale, editor of the American Journal of Science,
president of the Geological Society of America, president of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science.
-Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert 1817-1901 Agricultural chemist, Fellow of the
Royal Society, developed nitrogen & superphosphate fertilizers,
helped found the first agricultural research station, Professor of
Rural Economy at Oxford.
-James Joule 1818-1889 Physicist, established the mechanical theory of
heat, discovered reversible thermodynamics, discovered the law of
conservation of energy, first to estimate the speed of molecules of
gas, co-discoverer of the Joule-Thompson Effect, chief ‘founder’ of
thermodynamics, member of the Royal Society, president of the
British Association for the Advancement of Science, the joule unit
named after him.
-Thomas Anderson 1819-1874 Chemist, Regius Professor of Chemistry at
Glasgow, Fellow of the Royal Society, discovered pyridine & other
-Charles Piazzi Smyth 1819-1900 Astronomer,Edinburgh professor.
Sir George Stokes1819-1903Physicist, mathematician, developed
Stoke’s Law for viscosity, developed Stoke’s Law for fluorescence,
laid the foundation of fluid mechanics, Professor of Mathematics at
-Sir John William Dawson 1820-1899 Geologist, investigated & documented the geology of Canada, first president of the Royal Society of Canada, president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
-Gregor Mendel 1822-1884 Botanist, discovered the genetic laws of
inheritance, ‘father’ of genetics.
-Louis Pasteur 1822-1895 Physicist, chemist, bacteriologist, invented
vaccination, pasteurization, sterilization & immunization,
discovered the biological origin & control of fermentation,
formulated the Law of Biogenesis, established the germ theory of
disease, developed a vaccine for rabies, anthrax & diphtheria,
‘father’ of microbiology, Professor of Chemistry at Strasbourg,
Director of Scientific Studies at École Normale (Paris), awarded the
Legion of Honour, opposed spontaneous generation.
-Henri Fabre 1823-1915 Entomologist, ‘father’ of modern entomology,
opposed spontaneous generation.
-Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) 1824-1907 Physicist, discovered Laws of
Thermodynamics, invented the absolute temperature scale, supervised
the design & laying of the trans-Atlantic cable, invented a tide
predictor, ship’s compass, & a depth-sounding gauge, Professor of
Physics at Glasgow, Fellow of the Royal Society.
-Sir William Huggins 1824-1910 Astronomer, discovered that stars are
composed mostly of Hydrogen, identified the Doppler effect in
-Bernhard Riemann 1826-1866 Mathematician, developed the concept of Non-Euclidean geometry, originated Riemannian geometry which was used by Einstein to develop his theory of General Relativity.
-Sir Joseph Lister (Lord Lister) 1827-1912 Physician, developed antiseptic surgery, invented dissolving stitches, fracture wiring, & surgical rubber
drainage tubes, founded the Lister Institute of Preventative
Medicine (London), Fellow of the Royal Society, Fellow of the Royal
College of Surgeons, president of the British Association for the
Advancement of Science, Professor of Surgery at Glasgow.
-Balfour Stewart 1828-1887 Physicist, his study of Earth’s magnetic
field & upper atmospheric electric currents led to the discovery of
-James Clerk Maxwell 1831-1879 Physicist, mathematician, developed the Electromagnetic Field Theory and the electromagnetic field
equations, ‘father’ of statistical thermodynamics, calculated the
speed of electromagnetic waves, member of the Royal Society,
Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge.
-Peter Guthrie (P. G.) Tait 1831-1901 Physicist, mathematician, laid the
foundation for vector analysis, Professor of Natural Philosophy at
Edinburgh, Professor of Mathematics at Belfast, colleague of Lord
-John Bell Pettigrew 1834-1908 Anatomist, physiologist, president of
the Royal Medical Society.
–Lord Rayleigh (John Strutt) 1842-1919 Physicist, developed model
analysis/dimensional analysis, discovered the Rayleigh scattering of
light, developed the Raleigh-Jeans formula for black-body radiation,
co-discovered argon and the inert gases, succeeded Maxwell at
Cambridge, won the Nobel Prize for Physics.
-Sir William Abney 1843-1930 Astronomer, studied interstellar
molecules, president of the Royal Astronomical Society, president of
the Royal Physical Society.
-Alexander MacAlister 1844-1919 Zoologist, physiologist, Professor of
Anatomy at Cambridge.
-Archibald. H. Sayce 1845-1933 Archaeologist, Professor of Assyriology
at Oxford, expert on Hittites and Assyrians.
-Sir John Ambrose Fleming 1849-1945 Physicist, electrical engineer,
‘father’ of electronics, invented the thermionic valve (the electron
tube), devised the Fleming Rules for electric currents, Professor of
Electronic Engineering at London, president of the Television
Society, Fellow of the Royal Society.
-Edward H. Maunder 1851-1928 Astronomer, solar astronomer, president of the British Astronomical Association.
-Sir William Mitchell Ramsay 1852-1916 Isotopic chemist, co-discovered
argon, discovered krypton, xenon, radon & neon, discovered
terrestrial helium, first to demonstrate the transmutation of
elements through radioactive decay, won the Nobel Prize for
-Howard A. Kelly 1858-1943 Physician, surgeon, Professor of Gynaecology & Obstetrics at John Hopkins University.
-George Washington Carver 1864-1943 Agricultural chemist, developed
uses for crops.
-Wilbur Wright 1867-1912 Inventor, first powered flight.
-Orville Wright 1871-1948 Inventor, first powered flight, invented a
-Douglas Dewar 1875-1957 Naturalist, ornithologist, vice president of
the Victoria Institute.
-Paul Lemoine 1878-1940 Geologist, president of the Geological Society
of France, Director of the Natural History Museum in Paris.
-Dr Charles Stine 1882-1954 Organic Chemist, director of research for
-A. Rendle Short 1885-1955 Physician, Professor of Surgery at Bristol.
-Dr L. Merson Davies 1885-1955 Geologist, palaeontologist.
-Sir Cecil P. G. Wakeley 1892-1979 Physician, Professor of Surgery at
London, president of the Royal College of Surgeons.
-Dr Wernher von Braun 1912-1977 Rocket engineer, planned space
exploration & lunar landings, director of NASA
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